Integrally Geared Compressors – Proven, Reliable and Highly Efficient
From its invention in 1948, Siemens Energy has perfected the design and manufacture of integrally geared compressors. Today, more than 2,200 units have been installed globally proving their worth with a wide reference base in a wide range of industries and process applications.
Integrally geared compressors are multi-shaft machines. Several pinion shafts with one or two impellers each are arranged around a central bull gear. For each pinion shaft a perfect combination of shaft speed and impeller size can be realized. All impellers are of overhung design and can be fitted with adjustable inlet guide vanes in front of each impeller. Inter-stage cooling of the gas stream can be done after each impeller discharge. The combination of these features allows for high volume flows, outstanding energy efficiency even under part load, all in a compact design.
For small- to medium-size compressor sizes, Siemens Energy offers a package design. The package can include the compressor, driver, process gas coolers, lube oil console, process piping, and all tubing and wiring. The package design leads to significantly reduced on-site installation time. For large-size units all main train components are delivered separately to site to be installed on a concrete foundation.
Customized compressorsOur customized line of integrally geared machines can accommodate up to four pinion shafts with up to eight impellers total resulting in impressive pressure ratios which can be achieved in a compact design. Compressors can be designed according to API 617 or API 672 and customer specifications. Driver options depend on process and energy resources and can be electric motor, steam turbine or gas turbine and are suitable for direct turbine-drive or even integrated expansion turbine design.
Customized compressors with integrated radial expansion turbine
A variant of the customized integrally geared compressor allows the integration of a single- or two-stage radial expansion turbine as a direct drive option for the compressor. This allows the direct recovery and conversion of energy from pressurized high temperature process gas streams into kinetic energy driving the compressor. Depending on the amount of available energy, this drive option can serve as sole drive, or as drive in combination with other drive options such as electric motor or steam turbine.
- Outstanding impeller technology for high capacity and high efficiency
- Capability for combination of multiple processes
- Design options for any kind of gas
- Designed according to API 617, API 672 and customer specifications
- Up to eight impellers / stages
- Inter-cooling between stages
- All gear components designed and manufactured within our own supply chain
- Comprehensive driver options
- Gear options for cost optimized motor driver speed
- Volume flow rates up to 1,000,000 m³/h / 590,000 cfm
- Discharge pressure up to 200 bar / 2,900 psi
- Gear box ratings up to 85,000 kW / 87,000 hp
- Air Separation
- Carbon Capture, Utilization and Storage
- Compressed Air Energy Storage (CAES)
- Fuel Gas
- Heat Pumps and Refrigeration
- Synthetic fibers (PTA, DMT, Caprolactam)
Standardized CompressorsOur standardized designs come with up to two pinion shafts with one or two impellers each. Standardized integrally geared machines come in two groups of frame sizes for 10,000-100,000 and 120,000-400,000m3/h capacity. These product lines are standardized versions of the customized integrally geared compressor series, the trusty workhorse of the air separation and process industry. The high degree of standardization results in lower capital costs and shorter delivery times as compared with fully customized compressors.
The first group is available in nine frames (sizes 10-100) for volume flow rates between 10,000 and 100,000m3/h and can be packaged as compact single-lift units.
The second group extends the available range of volume flow rates to between 120,000–400,000m3/h capacities with additional five frame sizes (165-400). Eighty percent of the machine is pre-engineered for consistency and repeatability. 20 percent of the machine can be customized for specific customer process needs.
Frame sizes 10 - 100
Frame sizes 165 - 400
Single Stage Centrifugal CompressorOur single stage centrifugal compressor is the perfect fit for atmospheric air compression at low pressure ratios. It covers a large flow range from small to very high volumes of up to 1.000.000 m3/h. This compressor uses well proven components from our integral geared compressor line and is designed in accordance with API 617. State-of-the-art aerodynamic parts allow a compact, single stage design. If necessary, an external gear box is used to match the driver speed. This modular design offers the advantage of an unchanged compressor design irrespective whether the machine is driven by a steam turbine, gas turbine or electric motor.
Our single stage overhung compressor boasts a simple and robust design with well referenced components, smaller dimensions and less weight at the highest efficiency level, and low maintenance requirements.
In case of higher pressure ratio requirements, the configuration comprises two single stage overhung machines driven by a double-ended steam turbine drive between the compressors.
- Large flow range
- Simple, robust design in accordance with API 617
- High efficiency
- Highest reliability due to well referenced components
- Low service intensity
- Easy maintenance
- Small dimensions
- Low weights
- Low spare part costs
- Volume flow rates up to 1,000,000 m³/h / 590,000 cfm
- Pressure ratio up to ~3 (up to ~6.5 in case of 2 units)
- Suitable for electric motor, steam turbine or gas turbine drive