Frequency and voltage support for dynamic grid stability
SVC PLUS® (STATCOM) Frequency Stabilizer
As the infeed of power from renewable sources continues to replace conventional synchronous power generation, the grid frequency is becoming more sensitive due to the reduced amount of rotating machines. Now grid operators are faced with the challenge of providing sufficient system inertia in their synchronous generators with high rotating masses to stabilize the grid. Because renewables have little to no inertia, and can’t be used for frequency stabilization, other solutions are needed.
A convincing solutionBy using a bulk number of supercapacitors, the new SVC PLUS® frequency stabilizer (SVC PLUS® FS) is a cost-efficient, compact solution that can emulate system inertia by boosting high active power into the grid when needed. It also offers voltage support by means of reactive power compensation.
While grids are undergoing fundamental changes in terms of power generation, renewable infeed and ever-growing demand, power quality and dynamic grid stability are at risk due to less synchronous power generation.
The grid frequency is balanced to 50 Hz or 60 Hz by parity of power demand and generation. The frequency must be kept within specific limits, even in the event of an imbalance: for example, from a disturbance. After a fault, the frequency can only be stabilized by an inertial response from generator-turbine sets. The mechanical kinetic energy defines the frequency drop after disturbance until the operating reserve is activated after several seconds by the primary frequency reserve (PFR). Fewer rotating machines result in shrinking instantaneous reserves, which increases the risk of exceeding critical frequency levels. This may lead to load rejection or a blackout. Grid operators are forced to keep power plants in operation in order to preserve the instantaneous reserve or to optionally invest in additional primary reserve. Some source of fast frequency response (FFR) is urgently needed to cover the gap between inertial response and operating reserves.
Better control of power grids, faster adaptation to load changes
Putting grid stability and power quality into practice, SVC PLUS® FS offers a number of typical applications:
SVC PLUS® FS: more options for grid operators
In challenging times like ours, grid operators need versatile resources that give them options not only to react, but to act proactively, as depicted in the usecases/applications above. At that, with SVC PLUS® FS, operators can be sure of a reliable, economical and space-saving solution with many advantages in terms of response time, control accuracy, and economic impact.
While every power grid and every large industrial consumer has specific challenges in terms of power quality, active and reactive power compensation, and grid stability, our customized SVC PLUS® FS turnkey solutions answer these challenges from a single source, including customized consulting.
From technical clarifications to on-site support and turnkey solutions, our service portfolio helps you optimize your assets and their performance throughout their entire service life – with comprehensive solutions from just one provider.
Key technical parameters of SVC PLUS® FS
- Can address any voltage level
- Footprint: 2,700 m2
- Active power: Pmax = +/–50 MW
- Reactive power: Q = +/–70 Mvar
- Available energy: 450 MJ
(upscaling to 4x units in parallel possible)
Stay in control
Optimal grid and frequency stability
With SVC PLUS® FS, Siemens Energy further enhanced the capabilities of a static synchronous compensator (STATCOM) with modular multilevel converter (MMC) technology to also support fast frequency response. Whenever your applications require a highly dynamic solution for voltage regulation and fast frequency support, the SVC PLUS® FS is the first choice.