As an energy technology company working with partners across the whole energy landscape, we know the transition to a more sustainable energy system is both complex and challenging. But step by step, we’re getting there.
For the energy transition to succeed, the use of renewable energies must be massively increased worldwide. By 2050, the share of renewable energies in the United States needs to triple at the very least. The Asia-Pacific region will have to increase its share by four times to 10 times compared with 2020 – by comparison in Europe, we assume a three- to fourfold increase. But such gains can only be achieved if the framework conditions are right, regulatory barriers are lowered, and in particular, access to enormous quantities of materials is guaranteed. Learn more
Amid all the massive investments that need to be made, we cannot and should not overlook the infrastructure that already exists. This can and should be used as a bridge to carry out the transition – even if it is based on conventional technologies. By shifting from coal to gas, we can reduce emissions faster. And by using gas turbines which can be co-fired with hydrogen, we are preparing the way for even lower CO2 intensity. Learn more
The increasing share of renewables and increasing electrification require larger, more robust grids that can handle the fluctuations of this type of energy. We need grids that will not only serve a particular country’s needs, but will also link supply and demand within a region or across regions. Germany will need to add up to 4,700 miles of transmission lines and the United States up to 600,000 miles. And for developing countries, this is an even greater challenge. In Africa, many power systems still experience frequent outages and grid instabilities – nearly 25% of households with access to electricity have power available to them less than half of the time. Learn more
Unfortunately, current efforts to reduce emissions are being counteracted by the continuing rise in energy demand due to economic growth and population increases. Therefore, the first and most important task is to conserve energy wherever possible. This will mean finding ways to increase energy efficiency significantly and require greater electrification of industrial processes and transport. Electrification of today’s transport sector would roughly double global electricity production. Read more on lightening the impact of heavy industry.
More materials and minerals are needed for the energy transition. A typical electric car requires six times the mineral inputs of a conventional vehicle, and an onshore wind plant requires nine times more mineral resources than a gas-fired plant. Since 2010, the average amount of minerals needed for a new unit of power generation capacity has increased by 50% as the share of renewables in new investments has risen. In an uncertain world, it’s vital to make sure that these supplies remain accessible and affordable. Read more on the steps we’ve taken here.